The Scope of FAMI-QS is Specialty Feed Ingredients. A specialty feed ingredient is defined as any intentionally added ingredient not normally consumed as feed by itself, whether or not it has nutritional value, which affects the characteristics of feed or animals/ animal products and animal performance.
Specialty feed ingredients can be obtained via the following production processes or their combination:
- Chemical – The typical production process consists of a chemical reaction of organic and/or inorganic raw materials under defined conditions whereby organic and/or inorganic processing aids, steam, water, air and/or gas could be inserted into the process. After the synthesis the final product can be purified by for e.g. distillation/ crystallization/ filtration and dried.
- Bioprocessing – The process uses biological material or its components to obtain the desired product. Bioprocessing is mainly based on upstream processes to produce biological material (cell culture, fermentation) and downstream processes which include recovery, separation/purification of the desired material/ intermediate products, and possible preservations steps such as drying/ freeze drying and formulation.
- Mining – Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth. Mineral processing is mainly based on various mechanical means of crushing, grinding, washing, precipitating, etc. that enable the separation of valuable minerals from the source.
- Extraction – Extraction mainly is executed either by aqueous solution or by using organic solvents, or by a combination of both. The distinctive characteristics of such production methods are the combination of a series of dissolution and precipitation steps, pH, temperature and moisture adjustments, in order to isolate the molecule from its organic matrix and further refine it to the desired properties. The down-stream process(es) usual comprise of the removal of the solvent agent, distillation, temperature treatment to inactivate potentially harmful substances, drying, granulation, formulating, sieving and packaging.
- Mixing – Dry or liquid mixtures of one or more speciality feed ingredients with or without a carrier. These mixtures are not intended for direct feeding to animals or can be combined with the daily ration and must perform specific, technological, sensory, zootechnical or other functions related to the specialty feed ingredients.
- Formulations/ preparations – The typical production process consists of mixing organic and/or inorganic raw materials in a solution until dissolved followed by drying the solution with a carrier before packaging of the final product. Processing aids such as steam, water, air, gas and solvents could be used in the process. Process is carried out under defined conditions.
Specialty feed ingredients must be defined and labelled with clear directions of use, according to the applicable animal feed legislation of the intended market. The regulatory status of the products will be under the responsibility of the Operator. The Operator must ensure that the product is in conformance with all necessary legal requirements including:
- being legally produced in the country of origin and
- meeting the regulatory requirements of the country of destination.
The Feed Chain Activities covered by FAMI-QS are the following:
- Production – The processes and methods used to transform tangible inputs (raw materials, semi-finished goods) and intangible inputs (information, data) into goods. Resources are used in this process to create an output that is suitable for use or has exchange value.
- Trade – The action of buying, handling, storage, transporting and selling goods and services.
The FAMI-QS scope is decribed in detail in the Chapter 2 of the Code of Practice.